21st Century Grammar Handbook by Barbara Ann Kipfer

By Barbara Ann Kipfer

This all-new consultant to english is designed to be user-friendly.  Its leading edge A-to-Z dictionary layout helps you to locate the solutions in your questions about grammar, punctuation, and most popular utilization fast and easily.  Simply search for the matter parts as you'll lookup a note within the dictionary.  It's simply that straightforward and time-saving.  

A word list of phrases and ample cross-references supply much more aid in the event you want it.  Created by way of a number one professional in linguistics and lexicography.  Covers all crucial parts of grammar and style.  A key note index for speedy entry. transparent, considerable examples.  

Up-to-date, glossy, hottest educational and company usage.  Portable for college, domestic, or place of work.

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Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 17–44. Himmelmann, Nikolaus P. 2004. Lexicalization and grammaticization: Opposite or orthogonal? In What Makes Grammaticalization — A Look from its Fringes and its Components, Walter Bisang, Nikolaus P. ). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 19–40. Hoffmann, Sebastian. 2006. Tag questions in Early and Late Modern English. Historical description and theoretical implications. Anglistik 17(2): 35–55. Holmes, Janet. 1983. The functions of tag questions. English Language Research Journal 3: 40–65.

Now, a crucial point here is that this ‘textual’ use of may does not only presuppose some degree of subjectification, but even more, some degree of intersubjectification. The protases of concessives often accommodate a proposition and a point of view that is in opposition to the speaker/writer’s own assertion in the matrix clause. This proposition may be coming either directly from an interlocutor, or from the speaker/writer him- or herself, preempting an imaginary objection by the interlocutor.

The asymmetric hypothesis discussed here contrasts with analyses of Japanese, in which a more symmetric “layered” model is often adopted. Subjective expressions are modeled in a layer outside of a propositional “core”, and intersubjective ones outside of the subjective layer, permitting both intersubjective and subjective elements to precede or follow the core, but with the intersubjective elements always on the farthest edge (Onodera 2004, Shinzato 2007, and papers in Onodera and Suzuki 2007).

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