A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United by Heinz Kramer

By Heinz Kramer

Turkey is a longstanding best friend of the U.S. and Europe. After the loss of life of the Soviet empire, Turkey's strategic value has replaced yet no longer lowered. at the present time Turkey is dealing with a very assorted overseas and safeguard coverage setting. despite the fact that, Turkey is additionally present process notable inner switch. Many proven political truths of the Republic's seventy-five-year-long culture are more and more wondered through a turning out to be a part of its humans. mainly, there's the increase of political Islam and the resultant conflict of ideologies among "secularists" and "Islamists" in addition to the controversy approximately Turkey's "Kurdish reality." Turkey's allies must reply to this improvement through adapting their regulations. not anything under a second look and, ultimately, a re-orientation in kinfolk with either the us and Europe is needed if Turkey is to stay anchored within the West. This booklet undertakes a finished assessment and research of Turkey's inner and exterior adjustments and gives components of a brand new eu and American coverage towards a key strategic companion.

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The military also dominates reshaping Turkish-Israeli security relations. 2011 04:21:58 page_34 < previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 Russia to hold important political consultations with their governments. He, rather than the relevant agencies of Turkey's foreign policy establishment, concluded an agreement on military cooperation with Georgia. 26 One could get the impression that the armed forces command not only has a prerogative over the Ministry of Defence, which is the normal constitutional situation, but also tries to lead the foreign ministry in an area of vital importance for Turkey's foreign relations.

Yilmaz, who had been hesitant in following the army's lead in the struggle against Islamist forces for fear of problems with the religiousoriented wing of his party, had to give in. In the following weeks the dress code in universitites was again enforced by banning female students with headscarves and male students with beards from entering the campuses or taking exams. 2011 04:21:57 page_32 < previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 sentenced to a ten-month prison term for ''inciting hatred among the people" in a speech given in the southeastern city of Siirt in December 1997.

They have normally migrated to Diyarbakir*, Urfa, Van, or other urban centers in the southeast where they have added to the already large numbers of urban unemployed. Even more people seem to have migrated from the Kurdish provinces to other parts of Turkey to escape the fighting and its side effects as well as the hopeless economic and social situation in the southeast. Most have settled in the more prosperous urban centers of western Anatolia such as Istanbul or Izmir*. 11 Turkey's domestic Kurdish problem is a mixture of interlinked issues.

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