By Jens Rieckmann
Stefan George (1868-1933) is besides Hugo von Hofmannsthal and Rainer Maria Rilke one of many pre-eminent German poets of the 20th century. He additionally had a tremendous, albeit debatable and provocative function in German cultural background. it really is mostly agreed that he performed an important half within the transition of German literature to Modernism, rather in poetry. even as he was once an outspoken critic of modernity. He believed that simply an all-encompassing cultural renewal might keep glossy guy. even supposing George is frequently associated with the l'art pour l'art flow, and even though his inventive awareness was once shaped through eu aestheticism, his poetry and the writings that emerged from the poets and intellectuals he collected round him within the George Circle are particularly a scathing observation at the political, social, and cultural scenario in Germany on the flip of the century. George, who used to be imbued with the belief of the poet as a prophet and priest, observed himself because the Messiah of a brand new Hellenism and a brand new Reich led by means of an highbrow and aesthetic elite along with males who have been bonded jointly via their allegiance to a charismatic chief. a number of the values that George proclaimed, between them a glorification of energy, of heroism and self-sacrifice, have been seized upon via the nationwide Socialists, and consequently his writings and people of his circle have been thought of through a few to be proto-fascist. It didn't aid his recognition that when the second one international struggle a lot of the feedback of his works was once practiced via uncritical, hagiographic George worshippers.
In contemporary years, in spite of the fact that, there was a renewed and independent curiosity between students and critics in George and his circle. The wide-ranging and unique essays during this quantity discover anew George's poetry and his contribution to Modernism, the relation among his imaginative and prescient of a brand new Reich and fascist ideology, and his significance as a cultural critic.
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Extra info for A Companion to the Works of Stefan George
Briefwechsel. Eds. Georg Peter Landmann and Elisabeth Höpker-Herberg. Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 1983. 22 JENS RIECKMANN Glöckner, Ernst. Begegnung mit Stefan George: Auszüge aus Briefen und Tagebüchern, 1913–1934. Ed. Friedrich Adam. Heidelberg: Lothar Stiehm, 1972. Hofmannsthal, Hugo von. Sämtliche Werke. Vol. 31. Ed. Ellen Ritter. : S. Fischer, 1991. Hofmannsthal, Hugo von, und Rudolf Pannwitz. Briefwechsel 1907–1926. Ed. Gerhard Schuster. : S. Fischer, 1994. Keilson-Lauritz, Marita. Von der Liebe die Freundschaft heißt: Zur Homoerotik im Werk Stefan Georges.
Ritchie Robertson examines the INTRODUCTION 19 triangular relationship between George, Nietzsche, and Nazism and cautions against employing metaphors of ancestry and forerunner in interpreting this relationship. Marita Keilson-Lauritz explores both the complexity of George’s sexuality and its ramifications for his revolutionary concept of love. With these essays we may hope that a new and wider circle of readers will find their way to George. A Note on Resources for Further Research The standard George bibliography of primary texts, translations, and secondary literature is Georg Peter Landmann, Stefan George und sein Kreis (Hamburg: Hauswedell, 1960).
Ed. Friedrich Adam. Heidelberg: Lothar Stiehm, 1972. Hofmannsthal, Hugo von. Sämtliche Werke. Vol. 31. Ed. Ellen Ritter. : S. Fischer, 1991. Hofmannsthal, Hugo von, und Rudolf Pannwitz. Briefwechsel 1907–1926. Ed. Gerhard Schuster. : S. Fischer, 1994. Keilson-Lauritz, Marita. Von der Liebe die Freundschaft heißt: Zur Homoerotik im Werk Stefan Georges. Berlin: Verlag rosa Winkel, 1987. Landmann, Edith. Gespräche mit Stefan George. Düsseldorf/Munich: Helmut Küpper vormals Georg Bondi, 1963. Landmann, Georg Peter.