A Contrastive Grammar of English and Dutch: Contrastieve by Flor G. A. M. Aarts, Herman Chr. Wekker (auth.)

By Flor G. A. M. Aarts, Herman Chr. Wekker (auth.)

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If the two subjects are identical, there is no inversion.

Yes, he plays c. Yes, he does Emphatic affirmation The fourth of the so-called NICE properties of auxiliaries is their ability to take the accent in sentences like the following which either affirm a doubtful statement or deny a negative statement: He may have left early You cannot marry her - He HAS left early - I CAN marry her Lexical verbs cannot be accented in the same way: they require a form of the auxiliary do: I suppose he likes her - *He LIKES her He DOES like her Henry did not say that - *Well, I'm sure he SAID that Well, I'm sure he DID say that 29 The Units of Grammatical Description Auxiliary verbs Auxiliaries fall into two classes: modal auxiliaries and primary (or non-modal) auxiliaries.

The non-finite forms are the infinitive, the -ing participle and the -ed participle. The other forms are finite. Finite forms exhibit contrasts of tense (he waits/he waited), mood (he waits/he wait), person (I wait/he waits) and number (he waits/they wait). Note that finite forms are not always explicitly marked for these contrasts. For example, the finite form wait can be an imperative, a present tense indicative (except 3rd person singular) and a present tense sUbjunctive. Non-finite forms cannot express contrasts of tense, mood, person and number.

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