A Critical Dictionary of Sociology by Raymond Boudon, Francois Bourricaud

By Raymond Boudon, Francois Bourricaud

Unlike so much different sociology or social technology dictionaries, during this translation of the Critical Dictionary of Sociology, taken from the second one French version of the Dictionary and edited through the English sociologist Peter Hamilton, the severe worth of this specified paintings is eventually made on hand for a much broader audience.

Each access grapples without delay with a topic, even if theoretical, epistemological, philosophical, political or empirical, and offers a powerful assertion of what the authors give it some thought. The discussions are thought of yet argumentative.  via reaffirming non-marxist variety of critique continues to be attainable, Boudon and Bourricaud have provided a particular method of the most important matters which confront the societies of the 20th and Twenty-First centuries.

For a few this paintings may be a textbook, for others an necessary sourcebook of sociological innovations, and for many a manner of establishing our eyes to new dimensions in our figuring out of the good principles and theories of sociology.

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Introduction by Talcott Parsons, Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 1961. Alienation The Latin word alienatio has a legal sense (the transfer or sale of a good or right), a psychological sense (dementia, insanity), a sociological sense (dissolution of the link between the individual and others), and a religious sense (dissolution of the link between the individual and the gods). In German, the word Entfremdung (literally, to become estranged from or a stranger to) covers a range of meanings, but to a large degree these parallel those of the Latin alienatio.

Dahrendorf’s theory restates to a large extent the theory developed by Durkheim in his preface to the second edition of La division du travail social. Durkheim saw that competition between groups whose interests are both legitimate and at least partially in opposition was a basic means of avoiding Action (collective) 19 too great a concentration of power in modern societies, and saw hope in that for the future. Marx’s position on collective action is more equivocal. As a general rule Marx admits that social classes (another typical example of a latent group in Dahrendorf’s sense) have a variable awareness of consciousness of their interests, class consciousness leading ‘naturally’ to collective action.

Le Bon’s La Psychologie des foules (The Psychology of the Crowd) represents a sort of caricature in which the individual is described as if he were dissolved within the fused mass that the crowd represents. Nevertheless, it is incontestable that examples of fusion of this type do exist. As Simmel noted, harmony, mobilization, and fusion are moreover more likely to appear in principally negative themes. The Roman crowd in Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar is mobilized against Caesar, then against Brutus.

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