A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure (Studies in by Luis López

By Luis López

During this quantity, Luis L?pez sheds new mild on details constitution and makes an important contribution to paintings on grammatical operations within the Minimalist software. via a cautious research of dislocations and concentration fronting in Romance, the writer exhibits that notions akin to 'topic' and 'focus', as frequently outlined, yield no predictions and proposes as an alternative a function process according to the notions 'discourse anaphor' and 'contrast'. He offers a close version of syntax---information-structure interplay and argues that this interplay happens on the section point, with a privileged function for the sting of the section. extra, he investigates phenomena in regards to the syntax of gadgets in Romance and Germanic - accusative A, p-movement, clitic doubling, scrambling, item shift - and exhibits that there are cross-linguistic correlations among syntactic configuration and specificity, autonomous of discourse connectedness. the quantity ends with a longer research of the syntax of dislocations in Romance.

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Structural asymmetry between antecedent and anaphor has been abundantly explored in the realm of sentence level anaphors and it has successfully been captured with the concept of c-command (Reinhart 1983). The relationship between dislocated constituents and their antecedents is also asymmetrical, but this asymmetry is reXected in the kinds of discourses in which they can appear felicitously. Let us assume a classiWcation of discourses in two classes, coordinate and subordinate, as in the Segmented Discourse Representation Theory developed by Nicholas Asher and his associates.

If it is, then a constituent identiWable as [+Focus] will have predictable behavior. It turns out that [+Focus] does not make any predictions. As we have seen, a constituent marked as [+Focus] may stay in situ or it may move—but whatever makes it move is not the focus feature, since focus can contentedly stay in situ. I suggest that movement to left periphery position, either by FF or wh-phrases, is connected with [+c]. 34) Context: Did you buy furniture? Doncs, de cadires no en vaig comprar . .

I suggest that what non-D-linked whphrases and regular focused phrases have in common is simply that they are not anaphoric, that is, they are [Àa]. But there are also substantial similarities between fronted focused constituents and wh-phrases, D-linked or not. The clearest similarity is that they both move to the left periphery. The second one is that both open up quantiWcational sets. Thus, both FF and wh-phrases are [+c] (Vallduvı´ and Vilkuna 1998) and the feature [+c] is connected with the left periphery.

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