By Dimock, Laura Gail
Read or Download A Grammar of Nahavaq (Malakula, Vanuatu) PDF
Similar grammar books
This monograph experiences problems with present minimalist predicament, equivalent to no matter if variations within the expression of argument and syntactic constitution can all be attributed to the parameterization of particular practical heads. specifically, this booklet stories in-depth the level to which version within the expression of causation, to be had either intra- and crosslinguistically, may be accounted for by means of beautiful simply to the microparameterization of the causative head, reason, as formerly argued for via linguists akin to Pylkk?
A cross-linguistic examine of grammatical morphemes expressing spatial relationships that discusses the connection among the best way humans event house and how it really is encoded grammatically in language. The dialogue of the similarities and adjustments between languages within the encoding and expression of spatial family facilities round the emergence and evolution of spatial grams, and the semantic and morphosyntactic features of 2 forms of spatial grams.
The argument constitution of verbs, outlined because the a part of grammar that offers with how individuals in verbal occasions are expressed in clauses, is a classical subject in linguistics that has obtained enormous realization within the literature. This e-book investigates argument constitution in English from a usage-based viewpoint, taking the view that the cognitive illustration of grammar is formed by way of language use, and that the most important elements of grammatical association are tied to the frequency with which phrases and syntactic structures are used.
- Semi-Lexical Categories: The Function of Content Words and the Content of Function Words (Studies in Generative Grammar, 59)
- A Grammar Of The Tibetan Language, Literary And Colloquial. With Copious Illustrations, And Treating Fully Of Spelling, Pronunication, And The Construction Of The Verb, And Including Appendices Of The Various Forms Of The Verb
- The Positions of Adjectives in English
- The Raising of Predicates: Predicative Noun Phrases and the Theory of Clause Structure (Cambridge Studies in Linguistics)
- Negation in gapping
Extra info for A Grammar of Nahavaq (Malakula, Vanuatu)
It presents the segments in parallel distribution in syllable onset position before all vowels. wav). 19 But there are also others that have such a segment as an allophone of a plain pre-nasalised stop. This includes Tape which has a trilled allophone before /u/ and /ə/ and word-finally after /ə/ and /o/ (Crowley 2006d: 101) and Neve’ei which has a trilled variant of the prenasalised alveolar stop word finally (Musgrave 2007: 7). While most Nahavaq speakers today do not have a prenasalised apical trill at all, it is clear that in the recent past, this sound was commonly used in Nahavaq, and it is probable that it was an independent phoneme which has since merged into /nd/.
Others always use a fricative variant. βjen], ‘3SG-take ID’. A similar pattern of non-distinction of labial obstruents can be seen in Tape where the labial fricative and voiceless plosive are only differentiated in non-final position (Crowley 2006d: 102). Prenasalised stops are being lost in coda position in Nahavaq. 2). For example, /kinaŋɡ/ ‘1SG’ is pronounced [kinaŋɡ] by older speakers but [kinaŋ] by younger speakers. 29 Only in reduplicated roots are there many examples (/sumbw-sumbw/ ‘DUP-sit’, /limbjlimbj/ ‘DUProll’).
DU-go’ is realised as [duβjej]. However, most of the time, even when I cannot perceive the initial nasal phase, on close examination of a sound file, I find that there is a short nasal period before release. 362]. In a coda position, the nasal phase is always audible, but the release may not be. 626]). Prenasalised stops in word-internal coda positions are rare. 685]. 392] where the /mbw/ precedes a voiceless consonant. Younger speakers do not have prenasalised stops in coda position. 2). 5. Bilabial trill Either of the prenasalised labial stops can have a trilled allophone before /u/.