By by Sir William Jones.
Read or Download A grammar of the Persian language PDF
Best grammar books
This monograph reviews problems with present minimalist obstacle, akin to no matter if adjustments within the expression of argument and syntactic constitution can all be attributed to the parameterization of particular sensible heads. specifically, this publication reports in-depth the level to which edition within the expression of causation, to be had either intra- and crosslinguistically, will be accounted for via attractive in basic terms to the microparameterization of the causative head, reason, as formerly argued for through linguists comparable to Pylkk?
A cross-linguistic research of grammatical morphemes expressing spatial relationships that discusses the connection among the best way humans adventure house and how it really is encoded grammatically in language. The dialogue of the similarities and changes between languages within the encoding and expression of spatial relatives facilities round the emergence and evolution of spatial grams, and the semantic and morphosyntactic features of 2 kinds of spatial grams.
The argument constitution of verbs, outlined because the a part of grammar that bargains with how individuals in verbal occasions are expressed in clauses, is a classical subject in linguistics that has acquired huge realization within the literature. This booklet investigates argument constitution in English from a usage-based standpoint, taking the view that the cognitive illustration of grammar is formed by way of language use, and that the most important facets of grammatical association are tied to the frequency with which phrases and syntactic buildings are used.
- Merry-Go-Round: A Book About Nouns (Explore!)
- A Grammar of Pichi
- Locality in Minimalist Syntax (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs)
- Event Structures in Linguistic Form and Interpretation (Language, Context, and Cognition)
- Les connecteurs temporels du francais (Cahiers Chronos 15) (French Edition)
Additional info for A grammar of the Persian language
That there are systems of numerals, or individual numerals, that are not based on the human hand—that is, that are not quinary, decimal, or vigesimal—can be due to a number of different factors. First, some societies appear to "have no need of numbers," as Stampe (1976:596) puts it. The Andamanese are said to count no higher than '2'; Botocudo, a Macro-Ge language in Brazil, is said to have only the terms 'one' and 'many'; and the Worora language of Australia has only a single numeral root which means 'one' in the singular (iaruq), 'two' in the dual (iarurjandu), and 'three' or more in the plural (iaruguri) (Stampe 1976:596; Greenberg 1978c:256).
An analysis of the strategies employed for the expression of the various operations would be beyond the scope of the present study; suffice it to conclude with a few general remarks on the most frequently used operation—addition. Addition is encoded by means of a number of formal means, such as word order, prosodic phenomena, inflection, or some combination of these. , Greenberg 1978c; Hurford 1987:237) suggests that the most common sources are either comitative markers ('with'), which tend to be grammaticalized to conjunctions and addition markers ('and', 'plus'), and location markers, where morphemes for 'on' and 'upon' (called the "superessive link" by Greenberg) are used in a metaphorical fashion: "If we add three items to ten, then the three are put on the heap of ten and not vice versa" (Greenberg 1978c:265).
Numerals derived from such expressions are therefore hardly likely to have nominal properties. In Zulu, for example, the numerals '6' through '9' are derived from concrete expressions that describe the conventionalized pattern of counting by using fingers, as can be seen in table 2-5. The numeral forms in the table suggest that while the conceptual sources of '6' and '7' are nominal, those of '8' and '9' are nominalized verb phrases. Accordingly, one will expect that the former two numerals are likely to have more nominal properties than the latter two.