By Florian Cajori

Defined even this day as "unsurpassed," this heritage of mathematical notation stretching again to the Babylonians and Egyptians is without doubt one of the so much accomplished written. In outstanding volumes-first released in 1928-9-distinguished mathematician Florian Cajori indicates the starting place, evolution, and dissemination of every image and the contest it confronted in its upward thrust to acceptance or fall into obscurity. Illustrated with greater than 100 diagrams and figures, this "mirror of earlier and current stipulations in arithmetic" will supply scholars and historians an entire new appreciation for "1 + 1 = 2. Swiss-American writer, educator, and mathematician FLORIAN CAJORI (1859-1930) used to be one of many world's such a lot exotic mathematical historians. Appointed to a particularly created chair within the heritage of arithmetic on the collage of California, Berkeley, he additionally wrote An advent to the idea of Equations, A heritage of straightforward arithmetic, and The Chequered profession of Ferdinand Rudolph Hassler.

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**Extra info for A History of Mathematical Notation. Vol II**

**Sample text**

It will be seen that Ms sign for "dollars" Involves four strokes, the "dollar" being the fourth denomination of units. Two of the four strokes are curved, and they regularly inclose a space. B They do not suggest the letter S in p from which our dollar mark descended. The probability is that Lee was familiar with the dollar mark as it was found in handwritten business documents of his day, and that he modified in the it manner shown in his book, in order to arrive at a unified plan for constructing signs for mills, cents, dimes, and dollars.

1794 "Nouvelle Madrid" (N. ) 28 80 MS FIG. 111. Symbols for the Spanish dollar or peso, traced from letters, contracts, and account-books. No. 1 : The historian, Dr. " Nos. 2, 3, 6, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 17, owned by W. W. Blake, Avenida 16 de Septiembre J3, 20 are traced from MSS Mexico City. Nos. 15, 16, DOLLAR MARK 23 18, 19 are from the Draper Collection in Wis. Hist. , Madison; Nos. 15, 16 In Clark MSS, Vol. XLVIII J, p. 37, 3S; Xos. IS, 19 In Clark MSS, Vol. I, p. 136, 143. Nos. , Chicago.

The fact that in the same manuscript exactly the same symbol occurs in vez os the contraction for vezinos, or "neighbors," may suffice; an 8 is meantion of the , ingless here. 1 Notes and Queries (5th 2 Scribner's Magazine, Vol. 3 American Historical Record, Vol. ), Vol. XLII VII (London), p. 317. (1907), p. 515. Ill, p. 271. , Vol. Ill, p. 271. A HISTORY OF MATHEMATICAL NOTATIONS 20 1 the various hypotheses, The reader may have been amused at the widely different conclusions reached. '' Others allow it only about 125 years.