A History of Western Philosophy: The Twentieth Century to by W. T. Jones, Robert J. Fogelin

By W. T. Jones, Robert J. Fogelin

Learning the philosophy of the 20 th century is an issue of being surrounded by means of bushes to such an quantity that it truly is tricky to make out the form of the woods as a complete. however, regardless of all of the variety of routine and faculties into which they're divided, we will nonetheless make out that philosophy in our instances has a land of team spirit. within the first position, considering philosophy by no means develops in a vacuum yet is a part of the continuing tradition, the entire numerous colleges of twentieth-century philosophy have, because it have been, a twentieth-century glance. This special glance effects from the truth that all twentieth-century philosophers, in spite of the fact that a lot they vary philosophically, are resonating with and responding to the deep matters of the society of which they seem to be a part—its ambivalence towards technological know-how, its preoccupation with language, its fear over realization, and its lack of confidence...

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45 In this piece, Vesey equated the term “king” with “civil authority in general” and claimed that it was the responsibility of the government to “quench the Fire of Ambition, and keep down the Passions of Men” within society, thereby preventing the spread of civil and religious anarchy. Given this image of human competition, Vesey defended the “absolute necessity of Civil Power, and a due Execution of Penal Laws, for the Governing of any People” by highlighting the role of government in ensuring personal security.

86 Although Berkeley was notoriously close-vested about his political views, this piece written in the wake of the Jacobite uprisings indicates that Berkeley’s politics may not have been as clear-cut as indicated by Tyrrell. Thus, his sermons on Passive Obedience should be viewed 34 RECOVERING BISHOP BERKELEY less as a Tory political pamphlet and more as an exercise in political theory, admittedly one of a conservative bent. As a whole, Berkeley’s sermons on Passive Obedience set forth an interpretation of the obligations of citizens that limited their right to resist sovereign power and highlighted their moral duty toward others.

This situation posed a great problem for Irish Protestants upon the arrival of James II to the island, since they were doctrinally forbidden from acting against him—despite the personal dangers they foresaw stemming from the reign of a Catholic monarch. These theological issues were, in general, put to the side during the conflict, only to resurface in its wake, as Irish Protestants were faced with the challenge of reconciling their religious doctrines—especially passive obedience—with the actuality of James’s ouster.

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