By A H Arden
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Extra info for A progressive grammar of the Telugu language
Location of the relevant interval in a history) is typically a prerequisite for the determination of the truth or falsity of preterite-form sentences. 11 Heny presents an argument—an apparently falsifiable one, as it turns out— that the interpretation of past-tense predications is analogous to the interpretation of specific indefinite NPs. Imagine the following situation. A speaker reports: A dog bit me on the leg. Let us assume that the dog that the speaker has in mind (a whippet) did not in fact bite the speaker, but that— unbeknownst to the speaker—a terrier bit him or her.
Insofar as this is the case, one is free to devise an interval inclusive of present and past which is characterized by the presence of the state in question. 14). Events lack the property of cumulativity; the tenure of an event is exhausted by the temporal period for which it is asserted. Past and present periods of occurrence cannot be conjoined to yield a larger interval characterized by the presence of a given event. 4 Aspectual class and textual inference; the role of reference time A final ramification of the event—state distinction involves the manner in which aspectual class influences the inferences brought to bear by interpreters of temporal discourse in the course of constructing a representation of the temporal relations (overlap, succession) among the situations described.
For example, a given article of clothing is worn during waking hours only. , that in which situation A obtains) to another (that in which situation A does not obtain). As we will note below, the dynamism which characterizes both activities and “events proper” affects the feasibility of present-tense reporting upon such situations. States differs from events in lacking distinct subphases. States have the properties of (strict) cumulativity and distributivity (Herweg 1991a, 1991b). The distributivity property arises from the atemporal nature of states.