By James Reilly
Celebrated for its old water wheels, town of Hama is found on Syria’s longest river, the Orontes. Ottoman Hama used to be a stopover at the significant north-south highway of Syria in addition to the guts of a neighborhood monetary region of its personal. Intertwined social networks associated townspeople to the peasants and pastoral nomads of Hama’s hinterland. by means of the early 20th century a couple of elite and impressive households had come to dominate the political and fiscal lifetime of Hama and its outlying villages, atmosphere the degree for the city’s dramatic access into Syrian nationwide existence throughout the French Mandate and post-colonial sessions. dependent mostly on neighborhood judicial files, this booklet is a social background of Hama over the last centuries of Ottoman rule. It examines the social and monetary buildings that outlined people’s lives and that conditioned their participation within the ancient alterations of the eighteenth and 19th centuries. Dramatis personae contain women and men, commoners and notables, retailers and artisans, and others who, taken jointly, characterize a cross-section of a center jap society as they entered the realm of worldwide markets, ecu empires, and sleek states.
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Extra resources for A Small Town in Syria: Ottoman Hama in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
1850. Evidence for polygyny in the three volumes surveyed is limited to five documents: LCR Hama 42:338, doc. 691, awakhir Dhu al-Qa‘da 1144/ 25 May 1732; 42:396, doc. 794, awakhir Dhu al-Hijja 1145/ 13 June 1733; 46:185, doc. 409, 2 Rajab 1208/ 3 Feb. 1794; 53:43, 27 Rajab 1266/ 8 June 1850; 53:47, 29 Sha‘ban 1266/ 10 July 1850. Establet and Pascual, Familles et fortunes, 50, 55–56. 51 illegally. If gender roles were relatively fixed in this period, women nonetheless used the norms, laws, and institutions at hand to defend or assert their rights to subsistence, inheritance, and property.
Then they bought from 68 69 70 71 72 Pasha see LCR Damascus 697:190–191, doc. 142, 13 Rabi‘ II 1296/ 6 April 1879. LCR Hama 42: 348, doc. 712, 20 Muharram 1145/ 13 July 1732. M. Sükrü Hanioglu, “The Young Turks and the Arabs Before the Revolution of 1908,” in The Origins of Arab Nationalism, ed. Rashid Khalidi (New York, 1991), 40. Such walled compounds were usually linked to elite and notable families. See LCR Hama 42:397–400, doc. 795, muntasif Muharram 1146/ 28 June 1733; 46:167, doc. 353, 3 Jumada I 1208/ 7 Dec.
1793; 46:193, doc. 436, 11 Sha‘ban 1208/ 14 March 1794; 53:3, 9 Sha‘ban 1265/ 30 June 1849; 53:5, ghayat Shawwal 1265/ 17 Sept. 1849; 53:17, 19 Safar 1266/ 4 Jan. 1850; 53:45, 14 Sha‘ban 1266/ 25 June 1850. On public health in Hama see the critical comments of a local historian of the early twentieth century, Sabuni, in Tarikh Hamah, 116–118. LCR Hama 46:160, doc. 338, 25 Rabi‘ II 1208/ 30 Nov. 1793; 53:56, 5 Shawwal 1266/ 14 Aug. 1850; 53:153, 27 Dhu al-Hijja 1267/ 23 Oct. 1851. LCR Hama 46:240–241, doc.