A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: by Margarita Diaz-Andreu

By Margarita Diaz-Andreu

Margarita Diaz-Andreu bargains an cutting edge historical past of archaeology in the course of the 19th century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval interval, and all components of the area. the improvement of archaeology is put in the framework of latest political occasions, with a selected concentration upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines a variety of concerns, together with the construction of associations, the conversion of the learn of antiquities right into a career, public reminiscence, adjustments in archaeological concept and perform, and the impression on archaeology of racism, faith, the assumption in growth, hegemony, and resistance.

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2 The latter, though, would not have been possible without the revolutionary intellectual changes which occurred during the transition from the medieval period to the Renaissance in Italy during the fourteenth and Wfteenth centuries. From the sixteenth century the eVect of these changes would then spread throughout the Western world. It is from this point that this book starts with the search for the roots of nationalism and its interest in the past. To a limited extent it 1 See Baines (1989); Finley (1975: 22); Lintott (1986); Schnapp (1993: ch.

Japan went from being prey to the Western gaze to become a colonizer, and the US from being an independent outpost to become one of the world powers. Frontiers between nations were in continuous Xux, but even in stable countries such as Britain or France, the rhetoric of imperial triumphalism went hand in hand with rivalries, disappointments, and fears. A Wnal major aspect that distinguishes the history of archaeology presented in this book from that written by other authors refers to a completely diVerent sphere, that of the development of archaeological thought.

In La Alameda de Osuna estate, in addition to its many classical features, there is an eighteenth-century copy of a medieval hermit’s chapel, and a country house which used to have displayed automatons in traditional dress. In the seventeenth century a beautiful Gothic-style font cover was made for Durham cathedral illustrating a continuity with a medieval past. Many other examples could be added. All of them illustrate an obsession with the past which on the one hand has lasted at least several centuries.

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