Adjectives: Formal Analyses in Syntax and Semantics by Patricia Cabredo Hofherr, Ora Matushansky

By Patricia Cabredo Hofherr, Ora Matushansky

Adjectives are relatively much less good studied than the lexical different types of nouns and verbs. the current quantity brings jointly reviews within the syntax and semantics of adjectives. 4 of the contributions examine the syntax of adjectives in various languages (English, French, Mandarin chinese language, smooth Hebrew, Russian, Spanish, and Serbocroatian). The theoretical concerns explored comprise: the syntax of attributive and predicative adjectives, the syntax of nominalized adjectives and the id of adjectives as a special lexical classification in Mandarin chinese language. one other 4 contributions research diverse points within the semantics of adjectives in English, French, and Spanish, facing superlatives, comparatives, and point in adjectives. This quantity could be of curiosity to researchers and scholars in syntax, formal semantics, and language typology.

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Extra info for Adjectives: Formal Analyses in Syntax and Semantics (Linguistik Aktuell Linguistics Today)

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Nominal inflections were morphologically different and shorter than pronominal ones; an adjective with a short inflection will be referred to in this paper as a short adjective. e. nominal) inflection. This produces a long adjective (cf. Huntley 1993: 147; Schenker 1993: 84). The occurrence of the long inflection was syntactically conditioned: it occurred on adjectives used attributively, and not on those used predicatively. Thus in attributive use, adjectives could appear with an extra (pronominal) inflection; both inflections realized the same set of (agreement) features (case-number-gender) as if adjectives were agreeing twice with the head noun.

Short forms (of a considerable number of adjectives) are distinguished by prosodic means and have different pitch-accent and vowel length values; for example, when the nominal inflection of the short form in (2a) above is replaced by the pronominal one -og(a), the resulting adjective will preserve the pitch-accent values of short forms with nominal inflections of this adjective (short rising); thus, alongside stara Bosnian has starog(a), too, as a “short” form of the adjective meaning ‘old’; this latter form will appear in the same syntactic contexts as its corresponding short adjective with nominal inflection (for example, it can, replace the short adjective in (4) below).

If true, the fact that long adjectives cannot be coordinated could be due to their not being full phrases. A view of adjectival agreement presented in the next section will be able to predict and explain the above observations about noncoordinating long adjectives. â•… Agreement of attributive adjectives and (double) agreement inflections In this section I discuss the source of the long (pronominal) marker. I will show how the structures in (7a) and (7b) can be used in a conceptually attractive way to explain the morphological difference between the short (nominal) and the long (pronominal) inflection, as well as the puzzle of seemingly double agreement of long adjectives.

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