Al Jazeera and Democratization: The Rise of the Arab Public by Ezzeddine Abdelmoula

By Ezzeddine Abdelmoula

Al Jazeera and Democratization analyses the expanding position of the media in political differences with a different emphasis at the Arab international. Taking the Al Jazeera media community as a case examine, the writer explains how attractive the general public and delivering structures for open debate and loose expression contributed to the emergence of a brand new bright Arab public sphere.

The release of Al Jazeera in 1996 used to be an important occasion that resulted in next alterations either in Arab media and politics. between those alterations, the Arab spring is unquestionably the main extraordinary. This exceptional phenomenon has already led to political switch in a couple of nations and is anticipated to generate a democratizing wave and reshape the face of the zone. The Arab spring presents us with a telling empirical instance the place the interaction among media and politics is take place. the general public sphere that has emerged out of this newly communicative surroundings has absolutely performed its position within the present political changes. during this context, Arab democratization is not any longer an summary, it is extremely a constructing strategy that wishes our recognition and calls for concerted scholarly efforts.

Highly topical, this ebook offers a clean theoretical standpoint on Arab democratization in mild of the Arab Spring, and is vital analyzing for researchers and scholars of heart East Politics, Media experiences and Democratization.

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The roots of authoritarianism inherent in this theory go back to the early days when the press and other forms of mass communication were first introduced into the highly organized and controlled Western European societies such as those of Britain, France and Germany. , 1956, p. 10). Libertarian theory of the press as conceived by Siebert is a development of the philosophical principles underlying the basis for the liberal social and political system. It only applies to societies that adhere to the A critical assessment of the existing literature 3 4 23 principles of liberalism.

19). The next major theoretic contribution to the transition approach after the works of O’Donnell, Schmitter and Whitehead is the “path dependence” developed by Juan Linz and Alfred Stepan. The key strength of the path dependency approach lies in contextualizing the strategic choices made by the 18 A critical assessment of the existing literature elites within the structural constraints of the legacy of the past. The type of authoritarian regime in place at the time of transition is one of the main structural elements and components of this legacy that political elites have to deal with.

Perhaps the first and most influential work on media and politics, Four Theories of the Press, by Siebert, Peterson and Schramm, was a comparative analysis of media systems attempting to answer very basic questions: “why is the press as it is? Why does it apparently serve different purposes and appear in widely different forms in different countries? , 1956, p. 1). It is not so wrong to suggest that subsequent studies that tried to theorize the relationship between media and politics still revolve around these key issues.

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