Argument Structure in Usage-Based Construction Grammar: by Florent Perek

By Florent Perek

The argument constitution of verbs, outlined because the a part of grammar that bargains with how members in verbal occasions are expressed in clauses, is a classical subject in linguistics that has acquired enormous consciousness within the literature. This publication investigates argument constitution in English from a usage-based point of view, taking the view that the cognitive illustration of grammar is formed via language use, and that an important facets of grammatical association are tied to the frequency with which phrases and syntactic buildings are used. at the foundation of numerous case stories combining quantitative corpus reports and psycholinguistic experiments, it really is proven how a usage-based method sheds new gentle on a few concerns in argument recognition and provides frequency-based factors for its organizing ideas at 3 degrees of generality: verbs, structures, and argument constitution alternations.

Show description

Read Online or Download Argument Structure in Usage-Based Construction Grammar: Experimental and corpus-based perspectives PDF

Similar grammar books

Causatives in Minimalism (Linguistik Aktuell Linguistics Today)

This monograph reviews problems with present minimalist challenge, akin to even if modifications within the expression of argument and syntactic constitution can all be attributed to the parameterization of particular sensible heads. particularly, this e-book reviews in-depth the level to which edition within the expression of causation, on hand either intra- and crosslinguistically, should be accounted for via beautiful simply to the microparameterization of the causative head, reason, as formerly argued for via linguists corresponding to Pylkk?

The Grammar of Space

A cross-linguistic examine of grammatical morphemes expressing spatial relationships that discusses the connection among the way in which humans adventure area and how it truly is encoded grammatically in language. The dialogue of the similarities and adjustments between languages within the encoding and expression of spatial relatives facilities round the emergence and evolution of spatial grams, and the semantic and morphosyntactic features of 2 kinds of spatial grams.

Argument Structure in Usage-Based Construction Grammar: Experimental and corpus-based perspectives

The argument constitution of verbs, outlined because the a part of grammar that bargains with how members in verbal occasions are expressed in clauses, is a classical subject in linguistics that has obtained significant cognizance within the literature. This publication investigates argument constitution in English from a usage-based viewpoint, taking the view that the cognitive illustration of grammar is formed through language use, and that the most important features of grammatical association are tied to the frequency with which phrases and syntactic structures are used.

Additional resources for Argument Structure in Usage-Based Construction Grammar: Experimental and corpus-based perspectives

Sample text

206). The dashed arrows represent linking relations of an argument of the semantic structure to a position in the syntactic structure. 3. The same process would account for 19 20 Argument Structure in Usage-Based Construction Grammar the argument structure of any verb based on the act predicate, without the need to stipulate the mapping from semantics to syntax in each individual case (contrary to the lexicalist approaches mentioned earlier). Importantly, the same would hold for any verb of that kind that would enter the lexicon.

Argument structure constructions are able to convey meaning of their own and, accordingly, can contribute complements to the clause that are not governed by the verb. By shifting the locus of argument realization away from the lexicon, a constructional approach avoids the problems posed by rampant verbal polysemy (as discussed in the previous section). However, this position begs the question of how the respective contribution of verbs and constructions to argument realization is balanced in actual clauses.

11) John sold Mary a computer. If, however, sell is used in the transitive construction, only the seller and the goods, respectively realized as subject and object as in (12) below, are comprised within the windowing of attention, and the buyer is excluded from it. In that case, only the onset of the transfer is profiled, and the event is construed as one in which the seller does something with the goods, giving them away. (12) John sold a computer. How do we negotiate the mapping of form to meaning in such cases?

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.86 of 5 – based on 37 votes